SPECTROSCOPIC VERIFICATION OF SUNCELL® HYDRINO REACTION PRODUCT
H2(1/4) comprises an unpaired electron which enables the electronic structure of this unique hydrogen molecular state to be determined by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Specially, the H2(1/4) EPR spectrum comprises a principal peak with a g-factor of 2.0046386 that is split into a series of pairs of peaks with members separated by spin-orbital coupling energies that are a function of the corresponding electron spin-orbital coupling quantum numbers. The unpaired electron magnetic moment induces a diamagnetic moment in the paired electron of the H2(1/4) molecular orbital based on the diamagnetic susceptibility of H2(1/4). The corresponding magnetic moments of the intrinsic paired-unpaired current interactions and those due to relative rotational motion about the internuclear axis give rise to the spin-orbital coupling energies. The EPR spectral results confirmed the spin-orbital coupling between the spin magnetic moment of the unpaired electron and an orbital diamagnetic moment induced in the paired electron by the unpaired electron that shifted the flip energy of the spin magnetic moment. Each spin-orbital splitting peak was further sub-split into a series of equally spaced peaks that matched integer fluxon energies that are a function of the electron fluxon quantum number corresponding to the number of angular momentum components involved in the transition. The evenly spaced series of sub-splitting peaks was assigned to flux linkage in units of the magnetic flux quantum h/2e during the coupling between the paired and unpaired magnetic moments while a spin flip transition occurred. Additionally, the spin-orbital splitting increased with spin-orbital coupling quantum number on the downfield side of the series of pairs of peaks due to magnetic energies that increased with accumulated magnetic flux linkage by the molecular orbital. These EPR results were first observed at TU Delft by Dr. Hagen [https://brilliantlightpower.com/remarkable-observation-by-prof-hagen-tu-delft-on-hydrino-compound-isolated-from-the-suncell/].
The pattern of integer-spaced peaks of the EPR spectrum of H2(1/4) is very similar to the periodic pattern observed in the high-resolution visible spectrum of the hydrino hydride ion reported previously. The hydrino hydride ion comprising a paired and unpaired electron in a common atomic orbital also demonstrated the phenomena of flux linkage in quantized units of h/2e. Moreover, the same phenomena were observed when the rotational energy levels of H2(1/4) were excited by laser irradiation during Raman spectroscopy. It is extraordinary that the EPR and Raman spectra give the same information about the structure of molecular hydrino in energy ranges that differed by reciprocal of the H2(1/4) diamagnetic susceptibility coefficient: 1/7X10-7 = 1.4X106, wherein the induced diamagnetic orbital magnetic moment active during EPR was replaced by the orbital molecular rotational magnetic moment active during Raman.
Specifically, the Raman transition rotation is about a semiminor axis perpendicular to the internuclear axis. The intrinsic electron spin angular momentum aligns either parallel or perpendicular to the corresponding molecular rotational angular momentum along the molecular rotational axis, and a concerted rotation of the spin current occurs during the molecular rotational transition. The interaction of the corresponding magnetic moments of the intrinsic spin and the molecular rotation give rise to the spin-orbital coupling energies that are a function of the spin-orbital quantum number. The Raman spectral results confirmed the spin-orbital coupling between the spin magnetic moment of the unpaired electron and the orbital magnetic moment due to molecular rotation. The energies of the rotational transitions were shifted by these spin-orbital coupling energies as a function of the corresponding electron spin-orbital coupling quantum numbers. Molecular rotational peaks shifted by spin-orbital energies are further shifted by integer fluxon linkage energies with each energy corresponding to its electron fluxon quantum number dependent on the number of angular momentum components involved in the rotational transition. The observed sub-splitting or shifting of Raman spectral peaks was assigned to flux linkage in units of the magnetic flux quantum h/2e during the spin-orbital coupling between spin and molecular rotational magnetic moments while the rotational transition occurred. Additionally, the fluxon sub-splitting increased with the integer number of fluxons linked on the downfield side of a series of sub-split peaks due to magnetic energies that increased with accumulated magnetic flux linkage by the molecular orbital.
Infrared transitions of H2(1/4) are forbidden because of its symmetry that lacks an electric dipole moment. However, it was observed that application of a magnetic field permitted molecular rotational infrared excitation by coupling to the aligned magnetic dipole of H2(1/4).
The total energy of H2(1/4) was observed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).
H2(1/4) was further observed by gas chromatography that showed a gas from hydrino producing reactions with a faster migration rate than that of any known gas considering that hydrogen and helium have the fastest prior known migration rates and corresponding shortest retention times.
SPECTROSCOPIC VERIFICATION OF SUNCELL® HYDRINO REACTION PRODUCTS
Additional data on the existence of hydrino using a broad range of other techniques and analyses such as extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy, electron beam excitation emission, high resolution visible spectroscopy of H Doppler line broadening, calorimetry, and others is given in this document: [Analytical Presentation].