*The camera attenuation was set at the maximum.
The visible-light concentrator thermophotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell®) shown in this photo comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs containing 10-12 kg of tin wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load. The SunCell® is an optical power source that is mated with a commercial dense receiver array (DRA) comprising an ensemble of concentrator photovoltaics cells (CPV) that operate at 1000 times the light intensity of solar-farm PV cells to produce electrical power for total electrification of essentially all power loads.
Optical power or radiation transfers power at 10 to 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of combustion and nuclear power plants. The 3000-5000K SunCell® plasma emits radiation at a power density of 4.6 to 35 MW/m2, corresponding to an extraordinary 150 kW to 1.14 MW, respectively, transmitted through an 8-inch diameter window. With light recycling, the transmitted radiation incident a CPV DRA can be converted from optical to electrical power at over 50% efficiency enabling extraordinary performance, logistics, low capital cost, and projected electricity costs of less than $0.001/kWh.
SUNCELL® SYSTEM DESIGN PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION
The SunCell® comprises seven fundamental low-maintenance commercially available systems, some having no moving parts and capable of operating for a decade or more: (i) a sealed reaction cell chamber; (ii) a start-up heater to first melt tin; (iii) a gas injector to inject water or hydrogen and trace oxygen derived from water wherein the trace oxygen reacts with trace amounts of the hydrogen inventory to form the hydrino catalyst, and the majority of the hydrogen inventory serves as a reactant to form hydrino; (iv) a molten metal injection system comprising at least one electromagnetic pump to inject molten tin; (v) an ignition system to produce a low-voltage, high current flow across a pair of electrodes which comprise at least one molten metal injector and its injected molten metal stream and a counter electrode injector and its steam or a molten metal pool with a bus bar wherein the at least one stream electrically connects the electrodes to form a brilliant light-emitting plasma; (vi) a power converter: (a) a light to electricity converter comprising a window to transmit light from the reaction cell chamber and a dense receiver array of concentrator photovoltaic (PV) cells that receives the light having an intensity of up to one thousand Suns or (b) a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) converter with an inlet converging diverging nozzle to form a supersonic plasma jet wherein the plasma kinetic energy is converted into electricity; and (vii) a fuel recovery and a thermal management system that causes the molten metal to return to the injection system following ignition.
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BlackLight Process: A novel chemical process invented by Dr. Mills causing the latent energy stored in the hydrogen atom to be released as a new primary energy source.
Hydrino: Hydrinos are a new form of hydrogen theoretically predicted by Dr. Mills and produced and characterized by BrLP. Hydrinos are produced during the BlackLight Process as energy is released from the hydrogen atom as the electron transitions to a lower-energy state resulting in a smaller radius hydrogen atom. Brilliant Light has solved the theory, confirmed Hydrino reaction products by many analytical techniques, and identified Hydrino as the pervasive dark matter of the universe.
SunCell®: Each SunCell® comprises a reaction cell with two electrodes that support the injection of highly electrically conductive, recycled inert molten tin metal. The reaction cell is supplied with Hydrino reactants such as H2O that serves as a source of atomic hydrogen, H, and nascent H2O, the catalyst to form Hydrinos from the H. A low-voltage, very high current (about one hundred times that of household currents) ignites the reaction to form hydrinos and causes a burst of brilliant light-emitting plasma power of up to millions of watts that can be directly converted to electricity using proven light to electric power concentrator photovoltaic conversion technology. Alternatively, the plasma power of the Hydrino reaction may also be converted directly to electricity by a magnetohydrodynamic converter.
Photovoltaic or Solar Cell: Each cell comprises a flat panel of a semiconductor material that exhibits the photovoltaic effect, a method of generating electrical power by converting radiation such as solar radiation into direct current electricity. Light absorption in the semiconductor material creates energized charge carriers of opposite polarity that are collected at corresponding negative and positive electrode contacts on opposite sides of the flat panel to create a voltage.