Plasma Videos

August 18, 2022
SunCell Power and Engineering

The SunCell window was replaced with one of 13 times smaller area which allowed similar light output due to avoidance of the larger window failure due to the intense light. The engineering of the commercial prototype SunCell having a light-bulb design is near completion. Tests are planned to start next week.


July 18, 2022
SUNCELL OPTICAL POWER TRANSFER

Optical power or radiation transfers power at 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of combustion and nuclear power plants. The 5600K SunCell® plasma shown in our March 30th post emits radiation at a power density of 56 MW/m2. Ray-trace modeling shows that the SunCell will heat to a very practical maximum temperature and radiate 100% of power directly or indirectly thereafter through a transparent chamber comprising 75% of the area of the standard spherical emission surface of a point-like blackbody radiator with highly reflective surfaces comprising the balance of the area. The current design comprises a commercial 8-inch-flanged viewport capable of operation to 300°C. Given the distance from the plasma, the 5-inch-diameter viewport aperture corresponds to about 1% of the emission area. Thus, the SunCell heats to failure at very high generated powers despite having refractory liners. Moreover, the maximum operating temperature of the viewport is exceeded. To solve the power transfer issue, Brilliant has developed a lightbulb type of design that has about 20 innovations over this current design including a new type of window chamber vacuum sealing technology that is not currently available commercially.


March 19, 2022
TPV-SUNCELL® RECTANGULOID CAVITY BLACKBODY RADIATOR

The visible-light concentrator thermophotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell®) shown in this photo comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs containing 10-12 kg of tin wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load. The SunCell® is an optical power source that is mated with a commercial dense receiver array (DRA) comprising an ensemble of concentrator photovoltaics cells (CPV) that operate at 1000 times the light intensity of solar-farm PV cells to produce electrical power for total electrification of essentially all power loads.

Optical power or radiation transfers power at 10 to 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of combustion and nuclear power plants. The 3000-5000K SunCell® plasma emits radiation at a power density of 4.6 to 35 MW/m2, corresponding to an extraordinary 150 kW to 1.14 MW, respectively, transmitted through an 8-inch diameter window. With light recycling, the transmitted radiation incident a CPV DRA can be converted from optical to electrical power at over 50% efficiency enabling extraordinary performance, logistics, low capital cost, and projected electricity costs of less than $0.001/kWh.

A SunCell® having a rectanguloid reaction cell chamber allowed for ease of fabrication of thicker refractory reaction cell chamber liners comprising flat plates to allow the internal temperature to reach 3000K in regions. The refractory lined reaction cell chamber serves as a blackbody cavity that equilibrates to reach a uniform temperature to serve as a blackbody radiator of a controlled temperature selected to maximize the conversion efficiency of the DRA that exploits light recycling to produce electricity at high efficiency. The rectanguloid SunCell® was debuted in a live streaming demonstration on March 18th. Three runs are shown in the linked videos. The SunCell® was allowed to cool between runs. A larger PV window is undergoing bench tests to allow for the power radiated through the PV window to match that generated by the Hydrino reaction.

Test 1 Demo Video

Test 2 Demo Video

Test 3 Demo Video


March 4, 2022
SunCell Cavity Blackbody Radiator

The visible-light concentrator thermophotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell®) shown in this photo comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs containing 10-12 kg of tin wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load. The SunCell® is an optical power source that is mated with a commercial dense receiver array (DRA) comprising an ensemble of concentrator photovoltaics cells (CPV) that operate at 1000 times the light intensity of solar-farm PV cells to produce electrical power for total electrification of essentially all power loads.
Optical power or radiation transfers power at 10 to 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of combustion and nuclear power plants. The 3000-5000K SunCell® plasma emits radiation at a power density of 4.6 to 35 MW/m2, corresponding to an extraordinary 150 kW to 1.14 MW, respectively, transmitted through an 8-inch diameter window. With light recycling, the transmitted radiation incident a CPV DRA can be converted from optical to electrical power at over 50% efficiency enabling extraordinary performance, logistics, low capital cost, and projected electricity costs of less than $0.001/kWh.

The thickness of the SunCell’s® refractory liner was increased to allow the internal temperature to reach 3000K in regions. The refractory lined reaction cell chamber serves as a blackbody cavity that equilibrates to reach a uniform temperature to serve as a blackbody radiator of a controlled temperature selected to maximize the conversion efficiency of the DRA that exploits light recycling to produce electricity at high efficiency.

*The camera attenuation was set at the maximum.


March 3, 2022
SUNCELL RELIABILITY AND HIGH FREQUENCY SOUND

The visible-light concentrator thermophotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell®) shown in the February 7 post photo (below) comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs containing 10-12 kg of tin wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load.

A new SunCell® was put into service on the former gallium boiler station, and it worked out of the shop demonstrating its reliability.

The SunCell® was run to its thermal failure limit. By using a larger plasma window to facilitate a balance between the power generated by the Hydrino reaction and the power radiated through the window, the duration is being extended to an indefinite one.
An interesting aspect of the SunCell® is that the Hydrino reaction initiated by constant DC current emits a high frequency sound. This is another example from Station 4 ran on February 16th.


February 7, 2022
TPV-SunCell® Window PERFORMANCE Comparison

The visible-light concentrator ThermoPhotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell) shown in this photo comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs containing 10-12 kg of tin wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load.

Modifications of the system for the maintenance of the transparency of the plasma window at the top of the SunCell® during operation were made over the last 60 days. Two videos are given below, one from the beginning of the program and another from the end, to provide a comparison of the results with and without the subsequent window-transparency developments. A run of December 1 with poor window transparency performance resulted in melting of the tungsten nozzle on the right as indicted by (i) the deviated injected molten metal stream, (ii) melting of the 4-mm-thick tungsten plates of the refractory liner observed glowing in the video and missing on the left, and (iii) melting of portions of the fused silica window. The program innovations and engineering resulted in plasma window performance that was excellent as shown in the What’s New video of February 5. In this video, the matched refractory lined vessel and reservoirs heated to near the failure point of the stainless-steel outer skin in seconds while the nozzle and refractory liner maintained their initial condition.

A 3000-5000K plasma emits radiation at a power density of 4.6 to 35 MW/m2, corresponding to an extraordinary 150 kW to 1.14 MW, respectively, transmitted through an 8-inch diameter window. Exploiting the physics of radiative power transfer at 10 to 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of conventional base-load power sources such as combustion-powered and nuclear-powered ones, plans are to increase the plasma window area to reach a balance of the Hydrino® reaction power generated in the reaction cell chamber with that radiated by the plasma and refractory liners at elevated temperature. The emission will be converted to electricity using a dense receiver array of concentrator photovoltaic cells. The electricity will be used to autonomously power all power applications without any pollution or green-house gas emission.

December 1, 2021 TPV-SunCell Run
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVW3-gghCBU

February 3, 2022 TPV-SunCell Run
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxZWrr98EYU

*The camera attenuates the intensity of the brilliant white light emitted to reveal contrast wherein the degree of filtering is evident by the darkening of the periphery.


February 5, 2022
TPV-SUNCELL® RETEST

The visible-light concentrator thermophotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell) shown in this photo comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load.

The initial run of this TPV-SunCell on Station 1 is shown in the What’s New video of February 1. Modifications were made to improve the maintenance of the transparency of the plasma window at the top of the cell. An exemplary run of three nearly identical runs is shown in this video*. The duration was limited by the extreme Hydrino reaction power that heated the outer stainless steel vacuum vessel to near the failure point, despite the tungsten and carbon concentric thermal-barrier liners. The plasma window performance was excellent. Due to experiencing some melting of the tungsten injector nozzles in the February 1 run, the vertically inclined tungsten injector nozzles were positioned deeper in the reservoirs further away for the plasma zone. The positioning adjustment resulted in the total elimination of nozzle melting.
A 3000-5000K plasma emits radiation at a power density of 4.6 to 35 MW/m2, corresponding to an extraordinary 150 kW to 1.14 MW, respectively, transmitted through an 8-inch diameter window. Exploiting the physics of radiative power transfer at 10 to 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of conventional base-load power sources such as combustion-powered and nuclear-powered ones, plans are to increase the plasma window area to reach a balance of the Hydrino reaction power generated in the reaction cell chamber with that radiated by the plasma and refractory liners at elevated temperature.

*The camera attenuates the intensity of the brilliant white light emitted to reveal contrast wherein the degree of filtering is evident by the darkening of the periphery.


February 1, 2022
TPV-SunCell Test at 2 Stations
(Vertically inclined injector design tested on two stations).

The visible-light concentrator thermophotovoltaic SunCell® (cTPV-SunCell) comprises a plasma cell that injects hydrogen and catalyst, and two electromagnetic pumps serve as electrodes by injecting intersecting molten tin streams from corresponding reservoirs wherein the connected streams carry a low voltage, high current to form a Hydrino®-reaction plasma with an energy release of 200 times that of burning the hydrogen that can be obtained from water as a 0.5% parasitic load.

Rather than horizontal injection as shown in the What’s New December 19th Video, the injection is vertically inclined so that the injector nozzles can be positioned in the reservoirs away for the plasma zone. The elimination of direct plasma exposure prevents that tungsten nozzles from overheating and melting. Notice, the glowing injector nozzles of the December 19th video wherein melting of the tungsten injectors occurs in seconds unless the reaction power is decreased, or the radiative power transfer increased. Radiation transfers power at 10 to 100 times the power per area compared to conduction and convection of conventional base-load power sources such as combustion-powered and nuclear-powered ones. The 3000-5000K plasma emits radiation at a power density of 4.6 to 35 MW/m2, corresponding to an extraordinary 150 kW to 1.14 MW, respectively, transmitted through an 8-inch diameter window. The TPV-SunCell electricity can be used to power essentially all stationary electric and motive applications at about $0.001/kWh. It can also used as a heat lamp heater to power boilers to produce steam, power an air heat exchanger to produce heated air, and power commercial and industrial ovens and furnaces.

Station 1

Station 5

January 31, 2022
Live SunCell® Boiler Demonstration for a Fortune 500 Company


To view older videos please see: https://brilliantlightpower.com/plasma-videos-archive/