Validation Reports


December 4, 2020
Validation Report of 100,000 W of Continuous Steam Production by the SunCell®
The thermal tests were further performed on cells immersed in the water bath using the water weight lost to steam production over a test duration to quantify the power balance. Each cell comprised a cylindrical 4130 Cr-Mo steel reaction chamber measuring 20 cm ID, 14.3 cm in height, and 1.25 mm thick with cylindrical reservoir attached to the base having dimensions of 5.4 cm height and 10.2 cm ID that contained 6 kg of gallium. The continuous steam power of commercial scale, quality, and power density that developed was observed to be controllable by changing temperature and glow discharge dissociation recombination of the H2 and trace O2 reactants flowed into the cell. Specially, three variations of the basic cell design allowed for testing of these operational parameters. The cell wall was coated with a ceramic coating to prevent gallium alloy formation and the cell was operated at about 200 °C. Next, the reaction cell chamber was modified by the addition of a concentric three-layer liner comprising, from the cell wall to the plasma, (i) an outer 1.27 cm thick, full-length carbon cylinder, (ii) a 1 mm thick, full length Nb cylinder, and (ii) 4 mm thick, 10.2 mm high W plates arranged in a hexagon. The plates completely covered the region of intense plasma between the W molten metal injector electrode and the W counter electrode. The liner served as thermal insulation to increase the gallium temperature to over 400 °C and also protected the wall from the observed more intense plasma.

The cell comprising the liner was further modified with the addition of a glow discharge cell to dissociate H2 gas to atomic H and also to form HOH hydrino catalyst. Since 1 eV temperature corresponds to 11,600 K gas temperature, the favorable high temperature reaction condition observed in the performance of the molten metal cells, that were absent cooling, was achieved under water cooling conditions. The glow discharge cell comprised a 3.8 cm diameter stainless steel tube of 10.2 cm length that was bolted at its base to the top of the reaction cell chamber by Conflat flanges. The positive glow discharge electrode was a stainless-steel rod powered by a high-voltage feed through on top of the glow discharge cell, and the body was grounded to serve as the counter electrode. A hydrino reaction gas mixture of 3000 sccm H2 and 1 sccm O2 was flowed through the top of the discharge cell and out the bottom into the reaction cell chamber.

The power developed due to the hydrino reaction doubled from an average of 26 kW to 55.5 kW with an increase in operating temperature from ~200 °C to over 400. The power was further boosted by the operation of the glow discharge cell to activate the gas reactants wherein the hydrino power was observed to about double again to 93 kW. The results are given in Table 1. The combination of elevated temperature and glow discharge activation have a dramatic effect of the excess power. The results match expectations for a catalytic chemical reaction between H and HOH catalyst.

Table 1. Dr. Mark Nansteel, Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley and heat transfer expert validated 93 kW of power produced by a hydrino plasma reaction maintained in a SunCell® using mass balance in the production of steam [99]. The hydrino reaction was shown to be dependent on operating temperature and activation of the gas reactants by a glow discharge plasma.

The corresponding SunCell® video to the 100 kW validation is presented:
https://brilliantlightpower.com/station-6a-december-10-2020/

[Dr. Mark Nansteel, Ph.D Steam Power Validation Report PDF]


April 11, 2020
VALIDATION REPORT OF 275 KW OF POWER AT 5 MW/LITER POWER DENSITY PRODUCED BY THE SUNCELL®
Dr. Mark Nansteel, Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley and heat transfer expert validated up to 275 kW of power produced by BrLP’s proprietary hydrino plasma reaction maintained in its SunCell® using water bath calorimetry. This report includes the description of the test apparatus and test procedure, a detailed systematic development of the proper forms of energy conservation to be applied in the calorimetric measurement, analysis of the heat losses in the tests, and analysis of the thermal and electrical data to obtain the calorimetric measurement of plasma energy release. The test protocol is given at this link. [WBC protocol].
The thermal tests were performed on cells, each comprising a Type 347 stainless steel (SS) cylindrical tube measuring 7.3 cm ID, 19.7 cm in height, and 0.635 cm thick with 3.17 mm thick boron nitride (99%) liner and incorporating a 0.9 kg internal mass of liquid gallium which served as (i) a molten metal reservoir, (ii) acted as cathode while a tungsten electrode acted as the anode in formation and operation of the very-low voltage, high-current plasma when electrical contact was made between the electrodes by electromagnetic pump injection of the molten metal from the cathode to anode. The plasma formation depended on the injection of H2/ 1% O2 at a recombiner as atomic H fuel and HOH catalyst sources wherein the corresponding power from the mixture’s combustion was negligible. There was no chemical change observed in cell components as determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Thus, the maximum excess power from conventional chemistry was zero. These results demonstrate that BrLP has advanced the SunCell® engineering to operate continuously at 5 MW/liter power densities which has broad commercial applications as a safe, inexpensive, autonomous, 100% green power source. The power gain of four times input power was sufficient to output net electrical power to the grid using mainstay turbine-generation systems. BrLP is also developing superior concentrator photovoltaic and magnetohydrodynamic electrical power systems.
[Nansteel WBC report].


February 9, 2020
Validation Report of 340,000W of Power Produced BY THE SUNCELL®
Stephen Tse, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers University validated up to 340 kW of power produced by BrLP’s proprietary hydrino plasma reaction maintained in its SunCell® using molten metal bath and water bath calorimetry. This report includes description of the test apparatus and test procedure, a systematic development of the proper forms of energy conservation to be applied in the calorimetric measurement, experimental calibration of the heat losses in the tests, and analysis of the thermal and electrical data to obtain the calorimetric measurement of plasma energy release. The thermal Tests were performed on four-inch cubical stainless-steel plasma cells, each incorporating a 2.5-3.4 kg internal mass of liquid gallium which served as (i) a molten metal reservoir, (ii) acted as cathode while a tungsten electrode acted as the anode in formation and operation of the very-low voltage, high-current plasma when electrical contact was made between the electrodes by electromagnetic pump injection of the molten metal from the cathode to anode, and (iii) further served as a molten metal bath for calorimetric determination of the power balance by molten metal calorimetry. The plasma formation depended on the injection of H2/ 1% O2 fuel and HOH catalyst source at a recombiner wherein the corresponding power from the mixture’s combustion was negligible and occurred outside of the calorimeter. There was no chemical change observed in cell components as determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Thus, the maximum excess power from conventional chemistry was zero. These results demonstrate that BrLP has advanced the SunCell® engineering to operate continuously at MW/liter power densities which has broad commercial applications as a safe, inexpensive, autonomous, 100% green power source. The power gain was sufficient to output net electrical power to the grid using mainstay turbine-generation systems.
[Tse-Validation-Report-Brilliant-Light-Power.pdf]


February 8, 2020
VALIDATION REPORT OF 200,000W OF POWER PRODUCED BY THE SUNCELL®
Dr. Mark Nansteel, Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley and heat transfer expert validated up to 200 kW of power produced by BrLP’s proprietary hydrino plasma reaction maintained in its SunCell® using molten metal bath calorimetry. This report includes description of the test apparatus and test procedure, a systematic development of the proper forms of energy conservation to be applied in the calorimetric measurement, modeling and analysis of the heat losses in the tests, and analysis of the thermal and electrical data to obtain the calorimetric measurement of plasma energy release. The thermal Tests were performed on four-inch cubical stainless-steel plasma cells, each incorporating a 2.5-3.4 kg internal mass of liquid gallium or Galinstan which served as (i) a molten metal reservoir, (ii) acted as cathode while a tungsten electrode acted as the anode in formation and operation of the very-low voltage, high-current plasma when electrical contact was made between the electrodes by electromagnetic pump injection of the molten metal from the cathode to anode, and (iii) further served as a molten metal bath for calorimetric determination of the power balance by molten metal calorimetry. The plasma formation depended on the injection of H2/ 1% O2 fuel and HOH catalyst source at a recombiner wherein the corresponding power from the mixture’s combustion was negligible and occurred outside of the calorimeter. There was no chemical change observed in cell components as determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Thus, the maximum excess power from conventional chemistry was zero. These results demonstrate that BrLP has advanced the SunCell® engineering to operate continuously at MW/liter power densities which has broad commercial applications as a safe, inexpensive, autonomous, 100% green power source.
[Nansteel Molten Metal Calorimetry Data and Analysis-Jan 2020.pdf]


January 22, 2020
VALIDATION REPORT OF 300,000W OF POWER PRODUCED BY THE SUNCELL®
Dr. Randy Booker, Physics Chairman, University of North Carolina-Ashville validated 300 kW and 200 kW of power produced by BrLP’s proprietary hydrino plasma reaction maintained in its SunCell® using water bath and molten metal bath calorimetry, respectively. Tests were performed on four-inch cubical stainless-steel plasma cells, each incorporating a 2.5-3 kg internal mass of liquid gallium which served as (i) a molten metal reservoir, (ii) acted as cathode while a tungsten electrode acted as the anode in formation and operation of the very-low voltage, high-current plasma when electrical contact was made between the electrodes by electromagnetic pump injection of the molten metal from the cathode to anode, and (iii) further served as a molten metal bath for calorimetric determination of the power balance by molten metal calorimetry. The plasma formation depended on the injection of H2/ 1% O2 fuel and HOH catalyst source at a recombiner wherein the corresponding power from the mixture’s combustion was negligible and occurred outside of the calorimeter. There was no chemical change observed in cell components as determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Thus, the maximum excess power from conventional chemistry was zero. These results demonstrate that BrLP has advanced the SunCell® engineering to operate continuously at MW/liter power densities which has broad commercial applications as a safe, inexpensive, autonomous, 100% green power source.
[Randy-Booker-Report.pdf]


November 12, 2019
Dr. Joseph Renick, former Chief Scientist at Applied Research Associates analyzed the characteristics of Brilliant Light Power’s energetic hydrino reaction. Based on the shockwave propagation velocity and the corresponding over pressure, the high-current ignition of water in a silver matrix was measured to produce a shock wave that was 10 times greater than an equivalent weight of TNT. [PDF]


April 21, 2019
VALIDATION OF HYDRINO REACTION’S EXTRAORDINARY HIGH-ENERGY CONTINUUM LIGHT AND OPTICAL POWER AT OVER 1,000,000W LEVELS
Using three spectrometers power calibrated by NIST calibration light sources, the optical powers and spectra over the 20 nm to 800 nm region were absolutely determined on hydrated silver shots caused to detonate with a low-voltage, high current pulses. Continuum high-energy, extreme ultraviolet (EUV), radiation at megawatt average and 10-megawatt peak power levels were observed. The EUV spectrum matched theoretical predictions for the electronic transition of a hydrogen atom to the hydrino atomic state with a quantum number of ¼ catalyzed by nascent HOH. The input energy was determined by eliminating the detonation-produced electromagnetic pulse with a shunt resistor. (Recent synchronous calorimetric and wall power measurements validated this approach link.) There is no other explanation for the observed optical energy output of about 30 times the input wherein (i) no energy releasing conventional chemical reaction was possible, (ii) the radiation was predominantly 100 times more energetic than possible under the applied low-voltage condition, and (iii) the radiation comprised unprecedented megawatt-level continuum light with most of the radiation in the short wavelengths.
[Spectroscopy_Nansteel_Report_040219.pdf]


March 3, 2019
VALIDATION OF HYDRINO REACTION POWER AT OVER 100,000W LEVELS
Dr. Mark Nansteel, Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley, absolutely quantified the optical and thermal power balance of Brilliant Light Power’s energetic hydrino reaction over an eighteen month period using state-of-the-art instrumentation.
Using a commercial water bath calorimetry on silver shot detonations, the detonation-produced electromagnetic pulse that interfered with ignition input power determination was eliminated to give results that are substantially unchallengeable.
[Calorimetry_Validation_Report-3.2019.pdf]


During April-May 2016, five independent third-party validations of Brilliant Light Power’s SunCell Technology were carried out at BrLP’s facilities in Cranbury, NJ. In each case, a scientist from academia or industry supervised and directed experiments and measurements, with BrLP staff acting in a support role to facilitate the work of the validator. Experimental set-ups were built from components, and instruments were calibrated in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications under the supervision of the validators. Four validation methods were employed to substantiate the SunCell® reaction power levels. These test results all demonstrate up to megawatt net power when compared to reference reactions. The highlights of the four techniques are:

  • Absolute Total Optical Power of Ignited Hydrated Silver Shots Recorded over the Spectral Range from Extreme Ultraviolet to Infrared Wavelengths: 514 kW of optical power was produced by a tiny hydrated silver shot due to the hydrino reaction.  This result was extraordinary considering the peak power was 1.3 MW coming from a fuel shot having a volume of 10 millionths of a liter triggered by the ignition power of 25 kW, less than 2% of the peak power generated.  It was further remarkable that the radiation was essentially all short wavelength (high energy) in the EUV and UV range with essentially no visible or near infrared light.
  • Absolute Ultraviolet Power Spectrum of Ignited Hydrated Oxide-Doped Silver Shots: Ignited partially hydrated oxide-doped shots showed optical power in the ultraviolet of up to 689,000 W that exceeded the ignition input power of 25 kW by a factor of 28 even considering that the UV light power represents only about 25% of the total optical power extending to 10 nm.
  • Calorimetry of Solid Fuel: This thermal power and energy test verified the measured optical powers and energies of single solid fuel shots.  The total thermal power levels of over 300 kW were limited by the size of the test cell.  A subsequent test with a 2 times larger test cell produced 440 kW.  The tests were carried out in a commercial water bath calorimeter using 80 mg, 2mm diameter silver shots with a small amount of partially hydrated oxide doping run under an 95% argon and 5% hydrogen atmosphere.  The shots were ignited in the water-submerged cell.  The energy was determined by the temperature rise of the known amount of water in the bath, and the average power was determined from the energy released and the event duration.
  • Thermal Burst Power Measurement in Continuous Generator: The tests confirmed the feasibility of 1.5 MW continuous power generation with a total 8.6 kW input power to the ignition electrodes, electromagnetic pump, and inductively coupled heater used for startup and power calibration.  Megawatt scale plasma power was generated when a small amount (0.5 wt%) of very stable oxide injected with a highly conductive, inert, molten silver matrix was allowed to react with an atmosphere of 3% hydrogen and 97% argon to form the hydrino reaction catalyst and atomic hydrogen in an ignited arc plasma.  The insignificant input power was maintained constant, and output power increase with the addition of oxide to initiate the hydrino reaction was measured by the dramatic relative increase in the thermal response of a water coolant loop, heat exchanger about the cell body and components.  The immense hydrino reaction power melted the 3.7 mm thick high-temperature stainless steel vessel walls and 6.6 mm thick tungsten electrodes in seconds.  Commercial systems will incorporate high temperature refractory materials and control the reaction power to run for a projected two decades.  The results demonstrate the feasibility of power densities in excess of those required to enable any planned SunCell power generator.
Executive summary by David Bennett
Executive summary by Gerhard Pohl
Validation report by Dr. Randy Booker
Validation report by Dr. Peter Jansson
Validation report by Dr. Dr. K.V. Ramanujachary
Validation report by Dr. Joseph Renick

Brilliant Light Power’s game-changing energy device that has water (H2O) as its only fuel input from which it produces 100 billion watts per liter of energetic plasma by forming a more stable state of the hydrogen atom has been validated by academic experts.  The findings from three programs are presented in validation reports of our plasma-producing SunCell.  The validators confirmed the SunCell performance and commercial opportunity wherein only H2O is consumed to form hydrinos and O2.  An astonishingly high power density is produced at the level of millions of watts.  The hydrino transition mechanism was confirmed by EUV spectroscopy [HOH EUV paper]. Attached are summary biographies for the validators and reports from:

A California Institute of Technology professor that advises brand name institutional investment firms on technology and business opportunities.
Professor with expertise in materials science that collaborates with world renowned battery and materials science groups.
Top-5 Engineering School Professor, California Institute of Technology PhD

 

In recent work at Brilliant Light Power, the application of the catalyst that enables the SunCell has given rise to a breakthrough in the development of solid fuels such as FeOOH and a mixture of Cu(OH)2 + FeBr2.  Military applications such as energetic materials and thermal sources for the Department of Defense are being developed.  The high energy gains and power density observed on solid fuels reactions have been confirmed.  Independent off-site tests at several academic and industry laboratories using commercial instruments have confirmed that these new solid fuels release multiples of the maximum theoretical energy possible.  Hydrinos were observed to have formed as a result of the heat release.  Data recorded on commercial calorimeters at the commercial laboratories of Setaram and Pekin Elmer is presented in our paper.  Independent studies include the following:

Top-5 Engineering School Professor, California Institute of Technology PhD
Leading industry Aerospace engineer and former faculty at Auburn University

Brilliant Light Power’s electrochemical energy device that has water (H2O) as its only fuel input from which it produces electricity by forming a more stable state of the hydrogen atom has been validated by academic and industry experts. The findings from six programs are presented in validation reports of our CIHT electricity-producing cell. The validators confirmed the CIHT performance and commercial opportunity wherein only H2O is consumed to form hydrinos and 02 as electric power is produced continuously for the 30-day or longer duration of the studies. Validators also confirmed the theory and hydrino identification. Attached are summary biographies for the validators and reports from:

A California Institute of Technology professor that advises brand name institutional investment firms on technology and business opportunities.
Industry expert, Massachusetts Institute of Technology PhD in chemical engineering, that managed R&D for brand name companies including battery and fuel cell product development
A team from a Fortune 500 firm consisting of an expert R&D manager, a PhD physics US DOD advisor, and a PhD chemist with fuel cell expertise
Professor with expertise in materials science that collaborates with world renowned battery and materials science groups
Top-5 Engineering School Professor, California Institute of Technology PhD
Defense company with 25 research electrochemists that manufactures missile batteries for the defense departments

Archive >