SUNCELL® Validation Report of 275 kW of Power at 5 MW/Liter Power Density
Dr. Mark Nansteel, Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley and heat transfer expert validated up to 275 kW of power produced by BrLP’s proprietary hydrino plasma reaction maintained in its SunCell® using water bath calorimetry. This report includes the description of the test apparatus and test procedure, a detailed systematic development of the proper forms of energy conservation to be applied in the calorimetric measurement, analysis of the heat losses in the tests, and analysis of the thermal and electrical data to obtain the calorimetric measurement of plasma energy release. The test protocol is given at this link.
The thermal tests were performed on cells, each comprising a Type 347 stainless steel (SS) cylindrical tube measuring 7.3 cm ID, 19.7 cm in height, and 0.635 cm thick with 3.17 mm thick boron nitride (99%) liner and incorporating a 0.9 kg internal mass of liquid gallium which served as (i) a molten metal reservoir, (ii) acted as cathode while a tungsten electrode acted as the anode in formation and operation of the very-low voltage, high-current plasma when electrical contact was made between the electrodes by electromagnetic pump injection of the molten metal from the cathode to anode. The plasma formation depended on the injection of H2/ 1% O2 at a recombiner as atomic H fuel and HOH catalyst sources wherein the corresponding power from the mixture’s combustion was negligible. There was no chemical change observed in cell components as determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Thus, the maximum excess power from conventional chemistry was zero. These results demonstrate that BrLP has advanced the SunCell® engineering to operate continuously at 5 MW/liter power densities which has broad commercial applications as a safe, inexpensive, autonomous, 100% green power source. The power gain of four times input power was sufficient to output net electrical power to the grid using mainstay turbine-generation systems. BrLP is also developing superior concentrator photovoltaic and magnetohydrodynamic electrical power systems. [Nansteel WBC report].